(also called reindeer lichen - I think they eat it) is very easy to
use, just stick it down with PVA after the base has been textured and
painted. Lichen is suitable for smallish bushes (no larger about an
inch high) and is fairly expensive compared to other materials.
Using more than one colour, as in this example makes the terrain more
Lichen comes in many colours, some of them rather lurid. The cheapest
source I have found was the craft section of a DIY shop. For this sort
of terrain the unbleached type is most useful because the greens are
a bit vivid. You can try bleaching them by leaving on a sunny windowsill
for a few months, if you have the patience, but never try to wash it
off. The colour will come off, but the lichen will become hard and brittle
which more or less ruins it.
'Raw' horsehair - curly variety
This is a difficult substance to find, but ideal for foliage. There
are to types, the curly variety on the right, and the spiky variety
which has been used in the bush next to the zebra at the top of the
It comes as an inch thick sheet. Tear chunks off, or cut them with
a good pair of scissors. Then tease the clumps out slightly to give
it a wilder look, which also makes it possible to create clumps two
or three inches in diameter.
Rubberised horsehair is a yellowy brown colour which is useable untouched,
but this effect can be improved by dabbing lots of watered down dark
brown emulsion paint to the tops and sides of the horsehair, before
sprinkling them with flock.
'Raw' horsehair (spiky) in use
When sticking horsehair down to a base, it can be difficult to get
a strong bond. Don't spread the PVA thinly, but put it on in large blobs.
Then put the bush on top and hold it in place with a clothes peg, clamped
right in the middle. This will push the bush way out of shape, but don't
fret, it will spring back when released. Doing this will push the bush
down really hard on the glue and get a good contact area.
cheapest source of bushes is moss gathered from the garden. I tend to
take it off tree trunks and stones rather than moss growing on the ground,
which can be a bit earthy and entangled with grass.
The moss can simply be stuck in position with PVA. It is only suitable
for small bushes and ground cover, but it is free!
When the moss is first stuck down, it will be the colour that it is
in this picture, but over a year or so it will fade to a yellowy brown,
which is quite acceptable in this dry and dusty terrain. If you are
going to dye it, then wait for it to fade first or it will be very difficult
to predict what colour it will fade to.